Brazil has become the second country, after the US, to register more than 50,000 deaths from Covid-19.
It comes amid growing political tension and just days after the country confirmed more than one million coronavirus infections.
Brazil recorded its highest number of daily deaths on 4 June; the seven-day average seems to have plateaued since.
President Jair Bolsonaro’s decision to oppose lockdowns and focus on the economy has been hugely divisive.
Two health ministers – both doctors – have left their posts as deaths and infections have surged. The first was sacked by Mr Bolsonaro, the second resigned after disagreeing with the far-right president.
On Sunday, Brazil’s health ministry announced that 641 more deaths had been registered in the past 24 hours, taking the total to 50,617. Over the same period it also registered more than 17,000 new infections.
Only the US has fared worse overall, with 2.2 million cases and nearly 120,000 deaths.
Brazil has recently been recording about 1,000 deaths a day, although figures at weekends tend to be lower. Many experts believe the lack of testing nationally – some of them say the level is 20 times less than needed – suggests the overall figures could be considerably higher.
The northern states of Amazonas, Pará and Ceará have seen more than 12,000 deaths in total, but it is São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro that have seen the biggest spikes, now standing at 12,500 and 8,800 fatalities respectively.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has also recorded the biggest one-day increase in global cases, with most new infections in the Americas.
The WHO says that, of the 183,000 new cases reported globally in 24 hours, more than 60% were from North and South America.
Mexico, Peru and Chile have been particularly badly hit, aside from the US, and on Sunday Argentina passed 1,000 deaths.
Latin America and the Caribbean now have more than two million infections.
Despite the threat of the virus, thousands of supporters and opponents of Mr Bolsonaro took to the streets in rival demonstrations on Sunday.
Police in the capital, Brasilia, kept rival groups apart as they marched outside Congress and the Supreme Court buildings. One anti-Bolsonaro protester there, Nilva Aparecida, told AFP: “[We are here] in defence of democracy and asking for Bolsonaro to leave. This president who usurped the people’s power and today is committing atrocities. He does not deserve to govern our country.”
Other large gatherings took place in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Opponents of Mr Bolsonaro are also calling for him to be impeached amid a growing political crisis. He is under investigation for allegedly trying to interfere with the police for political motives, which he denies, while the Supreme Court is carrying out two separate inquiries into his allies.
On Thursday, a former aide and family friend was arrested after being accused of corruption.
Mr Bolsonaro’s supporters say Congress and the Supreme Court are trying to curb his powers.
Mr Bolsonaro has openly disagreed with advice from his own health ministry, arguing that the economic impact of lockdowns would be more detrimental than the health impact of the virus itself, and he retains strong backing from his supporters.
Some states and cities have adopted their own measures. After months of restrictions, some are slowly being lifted, even though infection levels remain high.
There is still concern that the health system will be unable to cope in some places, and that the disease is spreading faster in deprived neighbourhoods and remote areas, such as indigenous communities, where access to adequate care is difficult.
It was just a little cold, said Brazil’s president, referring to Covid-19 when the crisis started.
And even as the infections soared and the death toll climbed, Jair Bolsonaro carried on. “I’m no grave-digger,” he quipped in April as he was questioned over the numbers. A week later, he was taken to task again. So he answered, “I’m no miracle worker.”
Not even these latest numbers are prompting the president to change course.
He says little about those who’ve lost their lives. Instead, he keeps repeating the message that Brazil cannot stop, the economy should reopen and the country needs to return to normality.
But there is no normal when there are more than one million infections and 50,000 people dead.
Brazil is in the middle of this crisis and so many people here feel they are lacking a leader to get through it. All the while, the numbers keep going up and up.